Facts and Figures

Geographic Facts
Area
41,293 sq km / 15,936 sq mi

Distance
North to South 220 km / 137 mi.
East to West 348 km / 216 mi.

Length of frontier
1,881 km 1,168 mi.
Switzerland borders France in the West, Germany in the north, Austria and the principality of Liechtenstein in the east and Italy in the south.

Landscape
3 main types of landscape - the Swiss Alps, the hilly Swiss Mittelland, which extends from Lake Constance to Lake Geneva, and the Swiss Jura, a long line of rugged fold mountains.

Highest Peaks
Dufourspitze (Valais): 4,634 m / 15,203 ft
Dom (Valais): 4,545 m / 14,911 ft
Weisshorn (Valais): 4,506 m / 14,793 ft
Matterhorn (Valais): 4,478 m / 14,691 ft

Largest Glacier (Surface)
Aletsch (Valais): 117 sq km / 73 sq ml.
Length 24 km / 15 mi.
Glaciers in total 140

Largest Lakes
Lake Geneva: 582 sq km / 223 sq mi.
Lake Constance: 539 sq km / 208 sq mi.
Lake Neuchâtel: 218 sq km / 83 sq mi.
Lake Maggiore: 212 sq km / 82 sq mi.
Lake Zurich: 114 sq km / 44 sq mi.
Lake Zurich: 88 sq km / 35 sq mi.
Lakes in total 1,484

Highest Village
Juf (Graubunden): 2,126 m / 7,000 ft

Lowest Village
Ascona (Ticino): 196 m / 690 ft

Largest Cities
Zurich 336,800
Geneva 173,500
Basel 168,700
Berne 122,700
Zurich 57,000
 
 
General Facts about Switzerland
Capital:
Berne

Population:
7,5 million

Government:
Parliamentary Federal State since 1848, Direct democracy

Cantons:
20 full cantons, 6 half cantons

Argovia Appenzell
Outer-Rhodes
Appenzell
Inner-Rhodes
Basle-Country Basle-Town Berne
Fribourg Geneva Glarus
Grisons Jura Lucerne
Neuchâtel Nidwalden Obwalden
Schaffhausen Schwyz Solothurn
St.Gall Thurgovia Ticino
Uri Valais Vaud
Zug   Zurich

Languages:
German (64%), French (19%), Italian (8%), Romansch (1%), others (8%)

Religions:
Catholic (48%), Protestant (44%), others (8%)